Hematemesis: Vomiting of Blood

Vomiting blood is the enforcement of the stomach up through the esophagus and out in the mouth wherein the vomit contains blood. The vomited blood might be dark red or bright red in color. Sometimes, all you can see is the blood only but sometimes it is mixed with the food. It is hard to tell the difference if you are vomiting blood or coughing blood or if it is a nosebleed. If you are vomiting blood, this might appear in your stool too.

If the patient is vomiting blood, the source of it might come from the upper part of the GI tract including the mouth, stomach, the small intestine’s first part and the esophagus. For instance, the vomiting is continuous for a long time or if it is forceful, it may tear the small blood vessel of the esophagus or the throat which causes traces of blood in the vomit. Veins that are swollen in the walls of the stomach or the lower part of the esophagus might start to bleed. People who have these veins have severe liver damage.

You will definitely not identify what really is going on with yourself if you will not set an appointment to your doctor. It doesn’t matter if your condition is serious or not, you must seek medical attention immediately because you might just end up regretting in the future. Your doctor must ask you your medical history in order for him/her to do the right treatment for you. So you must be patient in answering all the questions that your doctor will throw at you.



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Posted by emily - November 26, 2012 at 3:47 am

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All About Hematemesis

A regurgitation of blood via the upper gastrointestinal tract is called Hematemesis. The upper part of the gastrointestinal tract includes mouth, stomach, throat, the first part of the small intestine and the esophagus. The cause of this includes ulcer, inflammation, varices caused by cirrhosis  in the upper gastrointestinal tract and cancer. Other symptoms include weakness, nausea, sweat, fatigue and abdominal pain and shock. The source of bleeding can be identified through endoscopy, ultrasonography, and biopsy. The treatment that should be done to the person who suffers from hematemesis is dependent on the underlying cause.

The purpose of surgical and medical therapy is to correct the coagulation abnormalities and shock and to stabilize the patient so that further treatment and evaluation can proceed. The prognosis of this condition depends on the extent and range of the hemorrhage and its underlying cause. What are the symptoms of hematemesis? This includes nausea, vomiting blood, weakness, fatigue, abdominal pain, dark colored, tar like stool, sweat, shock and hypotension. Other health problems may cause you to experience these symptoms so you really need to go to your doctor because doctors can only tell you the exact details of your condition.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you must tell your doctor about it so that it can be addressed early and treated properly. You must be aware that this condition is serious and it can lead to death if not treated properly so make sure to look for all of the options available for you.



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Posted by emily - November 26, 2012 at 3:45 am

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Treatments and Management for Hematemesis

Hematesis is an altered blood vomiting or the condition of the gastrointestinal tract blood vomiting because of the acid in the blood. A study was conducted by the Department of Internal Medecine Asahikawa Medical College for the treatment for people who suffer from hematemesis and they said that these are serious symptoms and it should be handled carefully because if not, it can lead to death.

For elderly patients, arteriosclerotic changes in their body decreases blood flow and functions in different organs. If these arteriosclerotic changes became eminet in the gastric vascular structure of the body, gastric ulcer bleeding can easily occur and cannot be stopped easily. If the patient is heavily bleeding, it can cause irreversible shock because of the low level cardiopulmonary function.  Diminished hepatorenal capacity can be a factor in knowing the result of the state of shock. In this case, blood and fluid is administered by central venous catheter and the patient will undergo emergency endoscopy that is typically done in theatres.

They will go for surgery in case that they cannot find the source of bleeding endoscopically. If this is the case, laparotomy needs to be done. They also need to secure the airways of patients who suffer from hematemesis especially those that have a disturbed conscious level. They can opt for a cuffed endotracheal tube. If the blood loss is not life threatening, they can go for medications like Proton-pump inhibitors to decrease gastric acid production and blood transfusion depending on the hemoglobin level. Also, they can arrange that the patient will not eat until the endoscopy procedure.


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Posted by emily - September 8, 2012 at 3:47 am

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